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The International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg was public in the widest sense of this word. All the 403 tribunal proceedings were open to public.
Print media, radio, film industry have brought an opportunity to millions of people in the whole world to follow the progress of the Trial.
A large part of places in the session hall was assigned to representatives of mass media.
During the trial, Willy Brandt, the future Chancellor of Germany, was working, being a newsperson from Norway. The American press was represented by John Dos Passos, who later became a famous writer. The Soviet press representatives were the prose luminaries Ilya Ehrenburg, Leonid Leonov, Konstantin Fedin and Boris Polevoy. More than once could Ernest Hemingway and Marlene Dietrich be seen at the hearings. In 1961, the actress will play one of the star parts in the Oscar-winning film of Stanley Kramer ‘Judgment at Nuremberg’
When sensation was about to break out in Room No. 600, three beeps were ringing in the court palace. The film reflects the brightest events of the trial: confession of Hitler’s deputy Rudolf Hess in simulation of insanity, unannounced appearance of field marshal Paulus, eye-opening presentation of the Soviet judge Lev Smirnov, cross-interrogation of “Nazi Number 2” Hermann Göring by the Allies’ chief prosecutors.
In also presents interviews with children of famous Soviet journalists:
– Alexey Kampov-Polevoy (the memoirs of his father, publicist Boris Polevoy, have provided the basis for the film);
– Arina Zhukova, daughter of the artist Nikolay Zhukov who has created the whole gallery of expressive portraits of the process participants;
– Anna Khaldei, whose father Yevgeny Khaldei, being a famous photographer, was not only shooting in the course of the trial, but was witnessing in the court himself.
They all – journalists, writers, photographers, artists – have left us the heritage of true-to-life images of victims and extorters, persecutors and solicitors, court witnesses and residents behind the walls of the Court of Justice. Lest we forget..
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